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Control of Tuberculosis in the United States

Author: American Thoracic Society
Date Published: 1992

This official American Thoracic Society (ATS) statement was adopted by the ATS Board of Directors in March 1992. This is a joint statement of the ATS, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control, and the Infectious Disease Society of America. TB continues to be a major public health problem in many areas of the United States. Elimination of this disease will require coordinated efforts of public health agencies, voluntary health associations, health-care providers, and community groups. TB control is comprised of a variety of activities. Identification and treatment of patients with clinically active disease should be the highest priority for all TB control programs. Identification and preventive treatment of infected contacts and persons with tuberculosis infection are at greatest risk for developing disease should also receive high priority. Attention should then be given to identifying other high-risk groups and administering preventive therapy to those infected. While TB control occurs in many different settings, the health department TB control program plays a pivotal role in providing clinical services, and performing contact investigations, tuberculin-testing and prevention activities, surveillance, and evaluation of the community's overall progress in TB elimination. Health departments should receive strong and continuing support from medical care providers, voluntary health organizations and community groups if TB elimination is to be achieved.

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Number of Pages: 11